White Paper

Demystifying Bootstrapping in Fully Homomorphic Encryption

Bootstrapping is a term used very often in the context of Fully Homomorphic Encryption (FHE). Anyone who has read any introductory material on FHE already knows that bootstrapping is the most sophisticated and compute-intensive component of an FHE scheme. Very few, beyond cryptographers working in the field, understand what the bootstrapping operation really is and that there are various bootstrapping methods, each with its own tradeoffs. Our goals in this document are to demystify the concept of bootstrapping, correct misperceptions that seem to be common in the field and provide a high-level comparison of bootstrapping methods available in common FHE schemes, so that a reader of this document can make well-informed decisions about choosing when and how to deploy FHE implementations.

Download the white paper to learn more about bootstrapping in Fully Homomorphic Encryption.

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